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his big thriving city is the crowded capital of East Java. Home to many of the nation’s fiercest independence fighters, the city is known to locals as Kota Pahlawan (City of Heroes) and around the city you will see scatered statues commemorating many heroes of the independence movement.

Historically this city used to be the trading hub for the illustrious inland empires of Java, that included Majapahit, Singosari and Kediri. Situated on the mouth of the Brantasriver, Surabaya was officially founded in 1293 on the site of a legendary battle between a shark (sura) and crocodile (baya).

Today Surabaya is a modern industrial city, considered the economic and trading centre of Eastern Java as well as home to the nation’s navy. Second only to Jakarta in size, population and commerce, this is a massive city of over three million people.

With 21st century shopping malls, colonial era buildings and business high rises, this city represents a melting pot of Javanese culture with modern industrial development.

For visitors, highlights of the city include it’s zoological gardens, the immaculately presented Sampoerna museum or a visit to the island of Madura where you can experience the excitement and thrill of a local bull race. The city is also an ideal base to explore the other attractions of East Java including Mt Bromo, the cool mountain retreats of Malang and the natural beauty of Ijen Plateau.